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Uru ogwu agwọ

Venom agwọ bụ mmiri mmiri agwọ na-egbu egbu na-ezopụta site na gland nsị ha.Akụkụ bụ isi bụ protein na-egbu egbu, na-aza ihe dị ka 90% ruo 95% nke arọ akọrọ.Enwere ihe dị ka ụdị iri abụọ nke enzymes na nsị.Na mgbakwunye, ọ nwekwara ụfọdụ obere peptides, amino acids, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleosides, amines biological and metal ion.Ngwakọta nke nsị agwọ dị nnọọ mgbagwoju anya, na nsị, nkà mmụta ọgwụ na toxicological nke nsị agwọ dị iche iche nwere àgwà nke ha.

Foto: Na-ewere nsị agwọ

Ime n'ụzọ zuru ezu nke eke mgbagwoju mgbagwoju sịntetik toxins bụ mgbe niile dị irè ụzọ ịzụlite ọgwụ ọhụrụ na ụwa ọgwụ gburugburu.Maka mmepe nke ọgwụ ọhụrụ dị mma ma dị ọnụ ala maka ọrịa shuga ma ọ bụ oke ibu, European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP7) na-enye ego ruru nde euro 6, yana ntinye ego R&D nke EUR 9.4 nde, nke mba 5 EU kwadoro. France (nchịkọta izugbe), Spain, Portugal, Belgium na Denmark, yana ndị na-eme nchọpụta biochemistry interdisciplinary na ụlọ ọrụ ọgwụ jikọrọ aka mejupụtara otu nyocha European VENOMICS.Kemgbe Nọvemba 2011, ndị otu ahụ etinyela aka na nyocha na mmepe nke ọgwụ ọhụrụ na-egbu egbu, ma nwee ọganihu dị mma.

Ndị otu nyocha ahụ buru ụzọ mee nke ọma na nyochapụta ihe karịrị ụdị agwọ ọjọọ 200 sitere na gburugburu ụwa iji mụọ ha n'usoro.N'iji teknụzụ spectrometer mass spectrometer nke emepụtara ọhụrụ na teknụzụ ndị ọzọ dị elu, anyị enyochala ma nyochaa usoro ihe omimi nke 203 viper venom samples na ogige dị mgbagwoju anya, wee kewaa ihe karịrị 4,000 toxin "microproteins".Dị ka ọnụ ọgụgụ kasị elu toxicity si kwuo, a na-etinye ya na mmepe nke ọgwụ ọhụrụ dị iche iche.

Ka ọ dị ugbu a, ihe ka ọtụtụ n'ime nyocha na ọrụ ọhụrụ nke otu a ka etinyere aka na mmepụta ọgwụ ezubere iche dị ka ọrịa shuga, oke ibu, ọrịa obi, ihe nfụkasị mmadụ na ọrịa kansa, ebe data anakọtara site na nyocha dị iche iche egosila na nsi na-egbu egbu nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu na ya. nkwụsị na ọgwụgwọ ọrịa shuga ma ọ bụ oke ibu.Ọgwụ ọhụrụ na-ewekarị afọ 2-3 iji chọpụta, qualitatively na quantitatively, yana afọ 10 ma ọ bụ 15 ọzọ maka nnwale ụlọ ọgwụ, asambodo ngwaahịa na mmepe azụmaahịa tupu ha emechaa rute ahịa.

The "2018 China Snake Venom Product Market Analysis Report - Industry Operation Situation and Development Prospect Research" nke Guanyantianxia wepụtara bụ nke siri ike na ọdịnaya ma juputara na data, gbakwunyere ọnụ ọgụgụ buru ibu nke eserese na-enweghị atụ iji nyere ụlọ ọrụ dị na ụlọ ọrụ aka ịghọta nke ọma mmepe ụlọ ọrụ. omume, atụmanya ahịa, na hazie atụmatụ asọmpi ụlọ ọrụ na atụmatụ itinye ego n'ụzọ ziri ezi.Dabere na data ikike wepụtara nke National Bureau of Statistics, General Administration of Customs, State Information Center na ọwa ndị ọzọ, yana nyocha nke ubi nke ụlọ ọrụ site na etiti anyị, akụkọ a na-eduzi nyocha na nyocha ahịa site n'ọtụtụ echiche. site na tiori ka omume na site na nnukwu gaa na micro, na-ejikọta na gburugburu ebe obibi nke ụlọ ọrụ.


Oge nzipu: Eprel-02-2022